Make Architecture

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04/12 MOTION / ACTION

MOTION + ACTION

Buckminster Fuller - the jitterbug

This tetrahedron anchored a set of concentrically arranged polyhedra proportioned in a canonical manner and inter-connected by a twisting-contracting, inside-outing dynamic named the Jitterbug Transformation.  -Buckminster Fuller Jitterbug

Modular System, Le Corbusier 1946

Hoberman POLA Ginza Building facade

Steven Holl Fukuoka –

The 28 apartment interiors are conceptualized as “hinged space,” a modern interpretation of the multi-use concept of traditional Fusuma. Diurnal hinging allows expansion of the living area during the day, reclaimed by bedrooms at night. Episodic hinging reflects change in family over time; rooms can be added or subtracted accommodating grown-up children leaving or elderly parents moving in. A sense of passage is heightened by three types of access, by allowing apartments to have exterior front doors, and by interlocking apartments like a complex Chinese box.   –  http://www.stevenholl.com/project-detail.php?id=36&worldmap=true

Carlo Scarpa – Querini Stampalia

“Adoration of the Joint”

INSERT DETAIL MAPPING OF HARDWARE – scan

Villa Girasole – 1935

“A diesel engine pushes the house over three circular tracks where 15 trolleys can slide the 5,000 cubic meters building at a speed of 4 millimeters per second (it takes 9 hours and 20 minutes to rotate fully). ”  from Treehugger , http://www.treehugger.com/files/2008/08/1935-house-follows-sun.php

GEARS

Gear Design

-TYPES-

External vs internal gears

Spur

Helical

Double Helical

Bevel

Hypoid

Crown

Worm

Non-Circular

Rack and Pinion

Epicyclic

Sun and Planet

Harmonic Drive

Cage

-NOMENCLATURE-

Jonathan Ward –

David Cranor Plywood Gear Ratios

Instructable Plywood Gear Clock

Gear Module

CLOCKS

Escapements

MOTORS

Gear Motors / Ratios

Torque – Just as a force is a push or a pull, a torque can be thought of as a twist.  In Physics called “torque” in mechanical engineering called “moment.”

In/pounds + foot/pounds

103.2 In*oz

Distance / weight = Torque (1:1 = ability to lift 1 pound from a distance of 1 foot)

INVENTORY

GM-21 360:1 Gear Motor

Power Supply 5V

RESOURCES

Gear Module

GEARS

GEAROLOGY

REFERENCES

Interactive Architecture

Revolving Architecture: A History of Buildings That Rotate, Swivel, and Pivot

Flexible: Architecture That Responds to Change

Sheila Kennedy – Text Responsive Materials – Birkhauser “ACTIVE + PASSIVE”

Reyner Banham, Theory and Design in the First Machine Age

ASSIGNMENT

-fabricate gears which work with scale ratios and is powered by your motor.

-No Class Next week

Redo a previous weeks assignment…

Watch Neil Gershenfelds TED talk.

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4.184 MAKE ARCHITECTURE

4.184 - ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN WORKSHOP:
[MAKING ARCHITECTURE] THE RESULTS
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Instructor: Nick Gelpi TA: Skylar Tibbits TA: Varvara Toulkeridou
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Class Times, Monday, 1-4pm - room 5-216
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4.184 is an intensive introduction to methods of making explored through a wide range of brief but focused 1-week exercises. We'll engage the real and leave behind representation in the focused context of this class gaining skills for utilizing a range of fabrication machines and technologies from lasercutting, waterjet, 3D printing, welding, formworking-molding, casting, gears, joints and composites.
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In this workshop we'll constrain ourselves to the territory of the 1:1. Students will represent architectural constructions at full scale and develop a more intimate relationship with technology by engaging the tools and techniques that empower us. We will gain access to the most cutting edge machines and technologies in the MARS lab at the Center for Bits and Atoms.
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The second layer of information for this course will be to look at a series of case studies in which construction methods and technologies have played a dominant role in the design process .
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Over the past 20 years, architects have focused on the technology of representation to create new ideas of what architecture could be. Looking back today, much of that research failed to substantially change the way we design buildings by focusing on apriori formal configurations. This class makes the contention that this failure comes from a lack of considerations of the potentials within fabrication knowledge. We look to the future of what building might become, given the expanded palette of personalize-able technologies available to us as architects. Students will participate in curious technological and material investigations, to discover the potentials, known and unknown, for these various technologies.
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The sub-disciplines of what's drawn and what's built have been compartmentalized and disassociated as the representational tools of architecture have distanced themselves from the techniques of making. At the same time the technologies for “making” in architecture have provided us with new possibilities for reinventing how we translate into reality, the immaterial representations of architecture.
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CONTENT, SCHEDULE, PEOPLE

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