Make Architecture

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03/29 MOLDING CASTING

MOLDING + CASTING

Sand Casting

Investment Casting (Lost Wax Casting)

Shell Molding

Life Casting

Evaporative-pattern Casting

Spin Casting

Slip Casting

Flask Casting

Die Casting

Vacuum Molding

Injection Molding

Vacuum Forming

MOLD MAKING

Draft – When making a pattern it is best to taper the edges so that the pattern can be removed without breaking the mold. This is called draft.

Undercut – The opposite of draft is an undercut where there is part of the pattern under the sand making it impossible to remove the pattern without damaging the mould

Pattern

Cope and Drag

Casting Flask

Cores

Chaplets

Cheeks

Sprue

Riser

FOUNDRY

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foundry

Melting

Mold Making

Pouring

Shakeout

Degating

Surface Cleaning

Finishing

CONTRUCTION

Tilt-up

Poured in Place

Precast

MATERIALS

   latex
   polyurethane
   PDMS (polydimethylsiloxane) PDMS is the most widely used silicon-based organic polymer,
   thermoplastic, thermoset polymers
   calcium sulfate - Hydrostone
      desicant, coagulant, plaster, gypsum, drywall
   Portland cement
      calcium silicate, aluminum/iron oxide, calcium sulfate
   metal, ceramic powders
   low-temp alloys
   waxes
   gels
   food

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EXAMPLES

Foamed Aluminum

Tree

Niemeyer

Eero saarinen

FLW Guggenheim

Roni Horn

LINKS

Foundry Technology

David Cranor

Boris

David Carr

ASSIGNMENT

Using 1 or a combination of previously explored techniques, machine a mold and cast parts in it

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LAB SESSION
Vacuum Forming Tuesday @ 12 noon w John D.
Asli - Wednesday @ 5pm...Visual Cam
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inventory
   Smooth-On
      5  PMC 121-30 DRY-Trial Size/24.72/$123.60
      5  PMC 121-30 WET-Trial Size/24.72/$123.60
   US Gypsum
      10   Hydrostone Super X - 1 Gallon Pail   $9.25   $99.25
   Blick Art Materials
      10   33523-1005 INSTAMOLD COMPOUND, 12OZ   $6.92   $69.20
      5    33504-1925 FLEXWAX MATERIAL, 2.5LB    $14.99  $74.95
   McMaster-Carr 
      10 2388A71 Ss Pocket Rule Without Clip Or Depth Gauge Inch Decimal Graduations, 6" Length $5.01 Each $50.10
      1  1760T86 Compact Digital Bench Scale with Ss Platform 2000 Grams X 0.1 Grams, 70.55 oz X .005 oz $295.45 (needs converter outside of US)
      5  9389K61/Nonabrasive Machinable Wax Hard Purple Bar, 1-1/4" Thick X 3-1/2" W X 12" L/$23.64 Each/$118.20
      2  1865T35 Plastic Cup Polypropylene, 2-1/2 oz, 2-3/8" Top OD X 1-5/8" H, Packs of 125 $7.03 Pack $14.06
      1  77985T54 6" Length Wooden Paint Stirrer, Packs of 500 $8.23 Pack $16.46
      2  52555T1 Nitrile Disposable Gloves Powder Free, 5 MIL Thick, 9-1/2" L, Large, Blue, Boxes of 100 $13.33 Box $26.66
   Staples
      5  617688/Model RK5 Translucent Plastic Cold Cups, 5-oz, 100/Pack/$2.99 100/Pack/$14.95
      5  563562/TP10 Solo Plastic Party Cups, 10-oz./$6.79 50/Pack/$33.95
      5  494051/Model TP16 Solo Plastic Party Cups, 16-oz. Clear/$5.79 50/Pack/$28.95
      10 538868/Model 5320 Kimberly-Clark Utility Wipes, 9" x 10 1/2", 125/Pack/$3.79 125/Pack/$37.90
   Budnick Converting 
   West Marine
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4.184 MAKE ARCHITECTURE

4.184 - ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN WORKSHOP:
[MAKING ARCHITECTURE] THE RESULTS
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Instructor: Nick Gelpi TA: Skylar Tibbits TA: Varvara Toulkeridou
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Class Times, Monday, 1-4pm - room 5-216
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4.184 is an intensive introduction to methods of making explored through a wide range of brief but focused 1-week exercises. We'll engage the real and leave behind representation in the focused context of this class gaining skills for utilizing a range of fabrication machines and technologies from lasercutting, waterjet, 3D printing, welding, formworking-molding, casting, gears, joints and composites.
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In this workshop we'll constrain ourselves to the territory of the 1:1. Students will represent architectural constructions at full scale and develop a more intimate relationship with technology by engaging the tools and techniques that empower us. We will gain access to the most cutting edge machines and technologies in the MARS lab at the Center for Bits and Atoms.
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The second layer of information for this course will be to look at a series of case studies in which construction methods and technologies have played a dominant role in the design process .
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Over the past 20 years, architects have focused on the technology of representation to create new ideas of what architecture could be. Looking back today, much of that research failed to substantially change the way we design buildings by focusing on apriori formal configurations. This class makes the contention that this failure comes from a lack of considerations of the potentials within fabrication knowledge. We look to the future of what building might become, given the expanded palette of personalize-able technologies available to us as architects. Students will participate in curious technological and material investigations, to discover the potentials, known and unknown, for these various technologies.
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The sub-disciplines of what's drawn and what's built have been compartmentalized and disassociated as the representational tools of architecture have distanced themselves from the techniques of making. At the same time the technologies for “making” in architecture have provided us with new possibilities for reinventing how we translate into reality, the immaterial representations of architecture.
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CONTENT, SCHEDULE, PEOPLE

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