Make Architecture

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02/16 LASERCUTTER

PHYSICS

GAS LASERS

CO2

lasercutter
   Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
      state diagram
      population inversion
      gain medium
      lasing threshold
      output coupling
      beam mode, profile, waist
      diffraction limit
   gain medium
      CO2 (10.6 u)
      InGaAsP (1-2 u)
      AlGaAs (600-900 nm)
      Nd:YAG (1064, 532 nm)
      Ti:sapphire (650-1100 nm)
      excimer (100-300 nm)
   cutting mechanisms
      burning
      melting
      evaporation
      ablation - removal of material from the surface of an object by vaporization
   airflow
      assist
      exhaust
      filter
   kerf
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MODELS:

EPILOG

BEAM

UNIVERSAL SETTINGS

RESONETICS

KM LABS

EXAMPLES

http://www.graficaobscura.com/lasercut/project1/index.html

http://www.graficaobscura.com/lasercut/project2/index.html

http://www.graficaobscura.com/lasercut/project3/index.html

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SAFETY

      venting
      cleaning optics
      supervision
      air/gas flow
      fires
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   MATERIALS
      cardboard
      wood
      acrylic
      [polycarbonate]
      [metal]
      PVC
      flame test
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   SETTINGS
      power
      speed
      coordinate system, origin
      vector, raster
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TOOLS APPLICATIONS


      marking, engraving
      screen printing
      press-fit construction
         stick-slip, bistability
         clearance
         chamfer

http://www.stevenholl.com/project-detail.php?type=productdesign&id=93&page=0

http://www.stevenholl.com/project-detail.php?type=productdesign&id=91&page=0

http://fab.cba.mit.edu/classes/MIT/863.09/09.21/dm.jpg
http://fab.cba.mit.edu/classes/MIT/863.08/people/nadya/week2.htmlSNAP TOGETHER CONTROLS, script?

4.184 MAKE ARCHITECTURE

4.184 - ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN WORKSHOP:
[MAKING ARCHITECTURE] THE RESULTS
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Instructor: Nick Gelpi TA: Skylar Tibbits TA: Varvara Toulkeridou
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Class Times, Monday, 1-4pm - room 5-216
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4.184 is an intensive introduction to methods of making explored through a wide range of brief but focused 1-week exercises. We'll engage the real and leave behind representation in the focused context of this class gaining skills for utilizing a range of fabrication machines and technologies from lasercutting, waterjet, 3D printing, welding, formworking-molding, casting, gears, joints and composites.
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In this workshop we'll constrain ourselves to the territory of the 1:1. Students will represent architectural constructions at full scale and develop a more intimate relationship with technology by engaging the tools and techniques that empower us. We will gain access to the most cutting edge machines and technologies in the MARS lab at the Center for Bits and Atoms.
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The second layer of information for this course will be to look at a series of case studies in which construction methods and technologies have played a dominant role in the design process .
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Over the past 20 years, architects have focused on the technology of representation to create new ideas of what architecture could be. Looking back today, much of that research failed to substantially change the way we design buildings by focusing on apriori formal configurations. This class makes the contention that this failure comes from a lack of considerations of the potentials within fabrication knowledge. We look to the future of what building might become, given the expanded palette of personalize-able technologies available to us as architects. Students will participate in curious technological and material investigations, to discover the potentials, known and unknown, for these various technologies.
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The sub-disciplines of what's drawn and what's built have been compartmentalized and disassociated as the representational tools of architecture have distanced themselves from the techniques of making. At the same time the technologies for “making” in architecture have provided us with new possibilities for reinventing how we translate into reality, the immaterial representations of architecture.
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CONTENT, SCHEDULE, PEOPLE

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